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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 21

Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Role of the Cryosphere in Global Change

held in Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.,
7-12 August 1994
Cover: Annals Vol. 21

Editor: D.A. Rothrock

Contents

1-7
Greenland under changing climates: sensitivity experiments with a new three-dimensional ice-sheet model
Adeline Fabre, Anne Letréguilly, Catherine Ritz and Anne Mangeney

8-12
Polythermal three-dimensional modelling of the Greenland ice sheet with varied geothermal heat flux
R. Greve and K. Hutter

13-18
Surface energy exchange at the equilibrium line on the Greenland ice sheet during onset of melt
Konrad Steffen

19-25
A 1200 year record of accumulation from northern Greenland
Arne Friedmann, John C. Moore, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Josef Kipfstuhl and Hubertus Fischer

26-32
The effect of ice-sheet thickness change on the accumulation history inferred from GISP2 layer thicknesses
Nadine N. Cutler, C.F. Raymond, E.D. Waddington, D.A. Meese and R.B. Alley

33-39
Constraints on Holocene ice-thickness changes in central Greenland from the GISP2 ice-core data
J.F. Bolzan, E.D. Waddington, R.B. Alley and D.A. Meese

40-44
Ground-based radar observations of snow stratigraphy and melt processes in the percolation facies of the Greenland ice sheet
I.H.H. Zabel, K.C. Jezek, P.A. Baggeroer and S.P. Gogineni

45-50
Characterizing the long-term variability of snow-cover extent over the interior of North America
Ross D. Brown, Marilyn G. Hughes and David A. Robinson

51-58
Melt features in ice cores from Site J, southern Greenland: some implications for summer climate since AD 1550
T. Kameda, H. Narita, H. Shoji, F. Nishio, Y. Fujii and O. Watanabe

59-63
Indications of melt in near-surface ice-core stratigraphy: comparisons with passive-microwave melt signals over the Greenland ice sheet
Clinton M. Rowe, Mark R. Anderson, Thomas L. Mote and Karl C. Kuivinen

64-70
Variations in melt-layer frequency in the GISP2 ice core: implications for Holocene summer temperatures in central Greenland
Richard B. Alley and Sridhar Anandakrishnan

71-76
Recent variations and regional relationships in Northern Hemisphere snow cover
David A. Robinson, Allan Frei and Mark C. Serreze

77-82
Variations in aerologically derived Arctic precipitation and snowfall
Mark C. Serreze, Mark C. Rehder, Roger G. Barry, John E. Walsh and David A. Robinson

83-90
Simulations of the 1979-88 polar climates by global climate models
Biao Chen, David H. Bromwich, Keith M. Hines and Xuguang Pan

91-95
Climate change and the Arctic hydrologic cycle as calculated by a global coupled atmosphere-ocean model
James R. Miller and Gary L. Russell

96-102
The waxing and waning of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets
I. Marsiat

103-110
Ice-sheet models as tools for palaeoclimatic analysis: the example of the European ice sheet through the last glacial cycle
G.S. Boulton, N. Hulton and M. Vautravers

111-116
Thermomechanical modelling of Northern Hemisphere ice sheets with a two-level mass-balance parameterization
Philippe Huybrechts and Stephen T'siobbel

117-122
Arctic and Antarctic precipitation simulations produced by the NCAR community climate models
David H. Bromwich, Biao Chen and Ren-Yow Tzeng

123-130
Accumulation in Antarctica and Greenland derived from passive-microwave data: a comparison with contoured compilations
H. Jay Zwally and Mario B. Giovinetto

131-138
Recent increase in South Pole snow accumulation
E. Mosley-Thompson, L.G. Thompson, J.F. Paskievitch, M. Pourchet, A.J. Gow, M.E. Davis and J. Kleinman

139-143
Ages and ablation and accumulation rates from 14C measurements on Antarctic ice
J.J. van Roijen, K. van der Borg, A.F.M. de Jong and J. Oerlemans

144-148
Climate, the Antarctic ice sheet and ground heat flux
Garth W. Paltridge and Christopher M. Zweck

149-156
Antarctic moisture flux and net accumulation from global atmospheric analyses
W.F. Budd, P.A. Reid and L.J. Minty

157-161
The climate sensitivity of Antarctic blue-ice areas
Richard Bintanja and Michiel R. van den Broeke

162-168
Sub-surface melting in blue-ice fields in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica: observations and modelling
Carl Egede Bøggild, Jan-Gunnar Winther, Knut Sand and Hallgeir Elvehøy

169-174
A 340 year record of biogenic sulphur from the Weddell Sea area, Antarctica
E.C. Pasteur, R. Mulvaney, D.A. Peel, E.S. Saltzman and P-Y Whung

175-181
A 1000 year climatic ice-core record from the Guliya ice cap, China: its relationship to global climate variability
L.G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, M.E. Davis, P.N. Lin, J. Dai, J.F. Bolzan and T. Yao

182-188
A 485 year record of atmospheric chloride, nitrate and sulfate: results of chemical analysis of ice cores from Dyer Plateau, Antarctic Peninsula
Jihong Cole-Dai, Lonnie G. Thompson and Ellen Mosley-Thompson

189-195
1000 years of climatic change in China: ice-core 18O evidence
P.N. Lin, L.G. Thompson, M.E. Davis and E. Mosley-Thompson

196-200
Recent warming as recorded in the Qinghai-Tibetan cryosphere
Tandong Yao, Lonnie G. Thompson, Keqin Jiao , Ellen Mosley-Thompson and Zhihong Yang

201-205
Mass balance variability as a base for interpreting ice-core data
V.N. Mikhalenko

206-212
Application of inventory data for estimating characteristics of and regional climate-change effects on mountain glaciers: a pilot study with the European Alps
Wilfred Haeberli and Martin Hoelzle

213-218
An ice-core chemistry record from Snøfjellafonna, northwestern Spitsbergen
Kumiko Goto-Azuma, Shiro Kohshima, Takao Kameda, Shuhei Takahashi, Okitsugu Watanabe, Yoshiyuki Fujii and Jon Ove Hagen

219-224
Are changes in atmospheric cleansing responsible for observed variations of impurity concentrations in ice cores?
Margareta E. Hansson

225-230
Recent ice-core climate records from the Cordillera Blanca, Peru
M.E. Davis, L.G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, P.N. Lin, V.N. Mikhalenko and J. Dai

231-239
Recent changes of McCall Glacier, Alaska
Bernhard Rabus, Keith Echelmeyer, Dennis Trabant and Carl Benson

240-244
"Little Ice Age" glaciers in Kamchatka, northeastern Russia
O.N. Solomina, Ya D. Murav'yev and L.I. Bazanova

245-250
On the use of radiosondes to model glacier ablation
H. Conway, L.A. Rasmussen and P. Hayes

251-258
Change in position and altitude of a small outlet glacier during the period 1943-92: Leverett Glacier, West Greenland
Frank G.M. van Tatenhove, Chris M. Roelfsema, Geert Blommers and Anton van Voorden

259-262
Thickening of Jacobshavns Isbræ, West Greenland, measured by airborne laser altimetry
R. Thomas, W. Krabill, E. Frederick and K. Jezek

263-270
Relation of glacier variations to climate changes in Iceland
Oddur Sigurðsson and Trausti Jónsson

271-276
Glaciological observations of Brúarjökull, Iceland, using synthetic aperture radar and thematic mapper satellite data
Dorothy K. Hall, Richard S. Williams Jr. and Oddur Sigurdsson

277-283
Velocities of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, from ERS-1 SAR images
B.K. Lucchitta, C.E. Rosanova and K.F. Mullins

284-290
Coastal-change and glaciological maps of Antarctica
Richard S. Williams, Jr., Jane G. Ferrigno, Charles Swithinbank, Baerbel K. Lucchitta and Barbara A. Seekins

291-296
Satellite imagery, a base line for glacier variation study on James Ross Island, Antarctica
Pedro Skvarca, Helmut Rott and Thomas Nagler

297-303
Recent variations of calving glaciers in Patagonia, South America, revealed by ground surveys, satellite-data analyses and numerical experiments
Renji Naruse, Masamu Aniya, Pedro Skvarca and Gino Casassa

304-310
Modelling mass balance on former maritime ice caps: a Patagonian example
Nicholas R.J. Hulton and David E. Sugden

311-316
Glaciar Upsala, Patagonia: rapid calving retreat in fresh water
Charles R. Warren, Debbie R. Greene and Neil F. Glasser

317-322
Glacier inventory in Chile: current status and recent glacier variations
Gino Casassa

323-329
Spatial and temporal variability of Arctic ice thickness
Gregory M. Flato

330-336
Spring-season climate variability in the central Canadian Arctic Islands
T. Agnew and A. Silis

337-342
Spectral albedo of snow-covered first-year and multi-year sea ice during spring melt
Roger De Abreu, David G. Barber, Kevin Misurak and E.F. LeDrew

343-347
Sensitivity experiments to sea surface temperatures, sea-ice extent and ice-sheet reconstruction for the Last Glacial Maximum
G. Ramstein and S. Joussaume

348-352
Recent sea-ice advances in Baffin Bay/Davis Strait and retreats in the Bellingshausen Sea
Claire L. Parkinson

353-360
The influence of the albedo-temperature feed-back on climate sensitivity
Richard Bintanja and Johannes Oerlemans

361-368
On the effect of sea-ice dynamics on oceanic thermohaline circulation
W.D. Hibler, III and Jinlun Zhang

369-376
Effects of the snow cover on Antarctic sea ice and potential modulation of its response to climate change
Hajo Eicken, Holger Fischer and Peter Lemke

377-382
Simulation of past variability in seasonal snow in the Southern Alps, New Zealand
B.B. Fitzharris and C.E. Garr

383-386
Climatic-change implications from long-term (1823-1994) ice records for the Laurentian Great Lakes
R.A. Assel, D.M. Robertson, M.H. Hoff and J.H. Selgeby

387-393
Sensitivity of lake freeze-up and break-up to climate change: a physically based modeling study
Glen E. Liston and Dorothy K. Hall

394-398
Ion content of polygonal wedge ice on Bolshoi Lyakhov: a source of palaeoenvironmental information
Oksana S. Savoskul

399-405
Simulating the effects of mean annual air-temperature changes on permafrost distribution and glacier size: an example from the Upper Engadin, Swiss Alps
Martin Hoelzle and Wilfried Haeberli