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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 14

Proceedings of the Symposium on Ice and Climate

held in Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.,
21-25 August 1989
Cover: Annals Vol. 14

Editor: D.R. MacAyeal

Contents

1-5
Multiple steady states in ice-water-till systems
Richard B. Alley

6-8
Recent warming in central Greenland?
Richard B. Alley and Bruce R. Koci

9-12
LIDAR-derived particle concentrations in plumes from Arctic leads
Edgar L. Andreas, Martin W. Miles, Roger G. Barry and Russell C. Schnell

13-16
Age of Crary Ice Rise, Antarctica, determined from temperature-depth profiles
Robert A. Bindschadler, Eric P. Roberts and Almut Iken

17-19
A simplified three-dimensional ice-sheet model including ice shelves
W.J. Böhmer and K. Herterich

20-22
Increased ablation at the margin of the Greenland ice sheet under a greenhouse-effect climate
Roger J. Braithwaite and Ole B. Olesen

23-27
Modelling global ice and climate changes through the ice ages
W.F. Budd and P. Rayner

28-31
Air-ice-ocean feedback mechanisms and ice oscillation on millennial time scales
P.C. Chu

32-38
The atmosphere's response to the ice sheets of the last glacial maximum
Kerry H. Cook

39-42
Modeling onset of glaciation
Thomas J. Crowley and Gerald R. North

43-46
Sensitivity of the thickness of Arctic sea ice to the optical properties of clouds
Judith A. Curry and Elizabeth E. Ebert

47-50
A paleoclimatic model of the mid-Pleistocene climate transition
G. Deblonde and W.R. Peltier

51-54
Recent deposition of 210Pb on the Greenland ice sheet: variations in space and time
Jack E. Dibb

55-57
A two-dimensional coupled atmosphere-ice-sheet-continent model designed for paleoclimatic simulations
M.B. Esch and K. Herterich

58-64
Climatic effects on glacier distribution across the southern coast mountains, B.C., Canada
Ian S. Evans

65-71
A zonally-averaged stable-isotope model coupled to a regional variable-elevation stable- isotope model
David A. Fisher

72-77
On a simple sea-ice dynamics model for climate studies
G.M. Flato and W.D. Hibler III

78-84
Parameterization of the annual surface temperature and mass balance of Antarctica
J.P.F. Fortuin and J. Oerlemans

85-89
6000-year climate records in an ice core from the Høghetta ice dome in northern Spitsbergen
Y. Fujii, K. Kamiyama, T. Kawamura, T. Kameda, K. Izumi, K. Satow, H. Enomoto, T. Nakamura, J.O. Hagen, Y. Gjessing and O. Watanabe

90-93
The 520-year temperature record of a 100 m core from the Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica
W. Graf, O. Reinwarth and H. Moser

94-98
A 1400-year oxygen isotope history from the Ross Sea area, Antarctica
P.M. Grootes, M. Stuiver, T.L. Saling, P.A. Mayewski, M.J. Spencer, R.B. Alley and D. Jenssen

99-101
Glacier and permafrost signals of 20th-century warming
Wilfried Haeberli

102-106
Long-term glacier mass-balance investigations in Svalbard, 1950-88
Jon Ove Hagen and Olav Liestøl

107-110
Geostatistics in glaciology: implications of a study of Scharffenbergbotnen, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica
U.C. Herzfeld and P. Holmlund

111-114
Paleogeographic significance of middle Pleistocene glaciomarine deposits on Baldwin Peninsula, northwest Alaska
Matt M. Huston, Julie Brigham-Grette and David M. Hopkins

115-119
The Antarctic ice sheet during the last glacial-interglacial cycle: a three-dimensional experiment
Philippe Huybrechts

120-123
Feedback mechanisms among decadal oscillations in Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation, sea ice, and ocean circulation
M. Ikeda

124-126
An apparent one-year lag relationship of heavy snow years between Eurasia and North America
Tomohiko Iwasaki

127-130
Antarctic and Southern Ocean sea-ice and climate trends
T.H. Jacka

131-135
Thinning of the ice sheet estimated from total gas content of ice cores in Mizuho Plateau, East Antarctica
Takao Kameda, Masayoshi Nakawo, Shinji Mae, Okitsugu Watanabe and Renji Naruse

136-140
Glacier fluctuations and climate in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru
Georg Kaser, Alcides Ames and Marino Zamora

141-143
Meridional sea-ice transport and its impact on climate
Tamara Shapiro Ledley

144-147
The impact of Milankovitch solar radiation variations on sea-ice and air temperature in a coupled energy-balance climate-sea-ice model
Tamara Shapiro Ledley

148-152
Glaciers and climate in Svalbard: statistical analysis and reconstruction of the Brøggerbreen mass balance for the last 77 years
B. Lefauconnier and J.O. Hagen

153-157
Diurnal patterns of the bi-directional reflectance of fresh-water ice
George A. Leshkevich, Donald W. Deering, Thomas F. Eck and Suraiya P. Ahmad

158-163
Satellite altimetry, semivariograms, and seasonal elevation changes in the ablation zone of West Greenland
Craig S. Lingle, Anita C. Brenner and H. Jay Zwally

164-167
Quantitative approximation of mountain glacial climates
William W. Locke

168-171
Climatic change in a high-altitudinal alpine area suggested by the isotopic composition of cold basal glacier ice
R. Lorrain and W. Haeberli

172-175
Late Wisconsin advance and retreat pattern in the Miami sublobe, Laurentide Ice Sheet
Thomas V. Lowell and Robert Stuckenrath

176-182
A Northern Hemisphere volcanic chemistry record (1869-1984) and climatic implications using a south Greenland ice core
W.B. Lyons, P.A. Mayewski, M.J. Spencer, M.S. Twickler and T.E. Graedel

183-185
Effects of glaciation on methane-hydrate stability
Douglas R. MacAyeal and Dean R. Lindstrom

186-190
A glaciochemical survey of the Summit region, Greenland
P.A. Mayewski, M.J. Spencer, M.S. Twickler and S. Whitlow

191-194
Air temperature and precipitation at Wolverine Glacier, Alaska; glacier growth in a warmer, wetter climate
L.R. Mayo and R.S. March

195-198
Chemical evidence in polar ice cores from dielectric profiling
J.C. Moore, J.G. Paren and R. Mulvaney

199-204
Little Ice Age (neoglacial) paleoenvironmental conditions at Siple Station, Antarctica
Ellen Mosley-Thompson, Lonnie G. Thompson, Pieter M. Grootes and N. Gundestrup

205-207
Climatic information from the Chongce Ice Cap, West Kunlun, China
Masayoshi Nakawo, Yutaka Ageta and Han Jiankang

208-210
Interpreting the field evidence of past ice sheets: structural stability and genericity
J.F. Nye

211-215
Investigating climate change by digital analysis of blue ice extent on satellite images of Antarctica
Olav Orheim and Baerbel Lucchitta

216-220
Identification of some global volcanic horizons by major element analysis of fine ash in Antarctic ice
Julie M. Palais, Severine Kirchner and Robert J. Delmas

221-225
Search for the Little Ice Age in Southern Ocean sea-ice records
Claire L. Parkinson

226-229
The impact of the Siberian high and Aleutian low on the sea-ice cover of the Sea of Okhotsk
Claire L. Parkinson

230-231
Summary of final discussion
W.S.B. Paterson

232-237
Climate and the initiation of maritime ice sheets
Antony Payne and David Sugden

238-241
Modeling mass-balance changes during a glaciation cycle
M.S. Pelto, S.M. Higgins, T.J. Hughes and J.L. Fastook

242-246
The treatment of shortwave radiation and open water in large-scale models of sea-ice decay
Donald K. Perovich and Gary A. Maykut

247-251
Asynchronous coupling of ice-sheet and atmospheric forcing models
David Pollard, Isabelle Muszynski, Stephen H. Schneider and Starley L. Thompson

252-255
The Arctic Ocean multi-year ice balance, 1979-82
D.A. Rothrock and D.R. Thomas

256-260
Seasonal variation of oxygen isotopic composition of firn cores in the Antarctic ice sheet
Kazuhide Satow and Okitsugu Watanabe

261-265
Glacier recession and lake shrinkage indicating a climatic warming and drying trend in central Asia
Shi Yafeng and Ren Jiawen

266-269
A simple parameterization of ice leads in a general circulation model, and the sensitivity of climate to change in Antarctic ice concentration
Ian Simmonds and W.F. Budd

270-272
An isotopic method of estimating conductive heat flux through Antarctic first-year sea ice
R. Souchez, J.-L. Tison and J. Jouzel

273-277
Is ice-stream evolution revealed by satellite imagery?
S.N. Stephenson and R.A. Bindschadler

278-282
Effect of area distribution with altitude on glacier mass balance—a comparison on North and South Klawatti glaciers, Washington State, U.S.A.
Wendell V. Tangborn, Andrew G. Fountain and William G. Sikonia

283-287
Twentieth-century glacier change at Svartisen, Norway: the influence of climate, glacier geometry and glacier dynamics
Wilfred H. Theakstone

288-297
Glacial stage ice-core records from the subtropical Dunde Ice Cap, China
L.G. Thompson, E. Mosley-Thompson, M.E. Davis, J.F. Bolzan, J. Dai, L. Klein, N. Gundestrup, T. Yao, X. Wu and Z. Xie

298-300
A laboratory study of heat flux through coastal polynyas during frazil-ice production
Shuki Ushio and Masaaki Wakatsuchi

301-306
A review of central Asian glaciochemical data
Cameron P. Wake, Paul A. Mayewski and Mary Jo Spencer

307-310
Topographic and glaciological controls on Holocene ice-sheet margin dynamics, central West Greenland
C.R. Warren and N.R.J. Hulton

311-314
Energy budgets over various types of terrain in polar regions
G. Weller and G. Wendler

315-318
Estimating oceanic heat flux from sea-ice thickness and temperature data
J.S. Wettlaufer, N. Untersteiner and R. Colony

319-322
Neoglaciation in the southern Kenai Mountains, Alaska
Gregory C. Wiles and Parker E. Calkin

323-327
Climatic record from an ice margin area in East Antarctica
T.D. Yao, J.R. Petit, J. Jouzel, C. Lorius and P. Duval

328
Abstract
Halocline catastrophes, sea ice and ocean climate
Knut Aagaard

329
Abstract
The mass balance of Blue Glacier, Washington, U.S.A., 1956-1986
Richard L. Armstrong

329
Abstract
Reaction of the heat regime of Antarctic ice sheet inland regions on long-term changes of climate
Vitaly Barbash

330
Abstract
Determination of snow facies and ice velocity using synthetic aperture radar imagery
R.A. Bindschadler and P.L. Vornberger

330
Abstract
Diverse limiting circulations in a simple ocean box model
Edward Birchfield and Matthew Wyant

331
Abstract
Albedo of young and first-year Antarctic sea ice
Richard Brandt, Ian Allison and Stephen Warren

331-332
Abstract
Non-synchronous response of Rabots Glaciär and Storglaciären to recent climatic change
Keith A. Brugger

332
Abstract
Glacier length variations and climate change: comparative glacier dynamics since 1850 in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A.
Melinda M. Brugman

333
Abstract
Climatic variables and mass balance of Alpine glaciers during a period of climate fluctuation
David N. Collins

333-334
Abstract
Evaluation of Landsat, SPOT, and Sojuzkarrta data of Antarctica for ice and climate research
Jane G. Ferrigno and Bruce F. Molnia

334
Abstract
Potential for basal melting under the Summit coring site, central Greenland
John Firestone, E.D. Waddington and J. Cunningham

335
Abstract
Influence of ice sheets on climate and ice-sheet dynamics
Peter Fong

336
Abstract
Annually-averaged polar sea-ice extents during 1978-87: northern extent decrease and southern extent oscillation
Per Gloersen and William J. Campbell

336
Abstract
Numerical modelling of Rutford Ice Stream, Antarctica
R.M. Frolich and D.R. MacAyeal

337
Abstract
A model for polar continental shelf-water mass modification
R.W. Grumbine

338
Abstract
Variability of thermohaline circulation under an ice shelf
H.H. Hellmer

338-339
Abstract
Seasonal Arctic sea-ice simulations with a prognostic ice-ocean model
W.D. Hibler III and Peter Ranelli

339
Abstract
On the interannual variability of a diagnostic ice-ocean model
W.D. Hibler III and Peter Ranelli

340
Abstract
The effect of rheology on seasonal sea-ice simulations
B. Ip, W.D. Hibler III and Greg Flato

340
Abstract
Climate sensitivity and equilibrium climate states of a two-dimensional energy balance model
Jin Huang and Kenneth P. Bowman

341
Abstract
Ice-ocean interactions on Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica
A. Jenkins and C.S.M. Doake

341
Abstract
Velocity patterns and elevations on Ice Stream B
M. Jackson and I.M. Whillans

342
Abstract
Evaporation of snow and ice in Scharffenbergbotnen, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Stig Jonsson and Per Holmlund

343
Abstract
Climatic warming, glaciers and sea level
R.M. Koerner and D.A. Fisher

343-344
Abstract
Past temperature record from the analysis of melt features in the Dye 3, Greenland, ice core
Chester C. Langway Jr. and Hitoshi Shoji

344
Abstract
Atmospheric chemistry changes over the last climatic cycle (180 000 years) inferred from the Vostok (Antarctica) ice-core study
M. Legrand, C. Feniet-Saigne and J.R. Petit

345
Abstract
Climate sensitivity: the significance of the altitude-mass-balance feedback on glaciers and ice sheets
Anne Letréguilly and Johannes Oerlemans

345
Abstract
A Eurasian ice-sheet study using a combined ice-sheet/ice-shelf numerical model
Dean R. Lindstrom

346
Abstract
Free oscillations of the earth climate system: a theory of the 100 kyr climate cycle
R.M. MacKay and M.A.K. Khalil

347
Abstract
Albedo of snow, ice sheets and snow-covered sea ice in general circulation models
Susan E. Marshall and Stephen G. Warren

347
Abstract
Hydrodynamic model of glaciers and ice sheets interacted with ocean
V.L. Mazo

348
Abstract
Effects of Eurasian snow cover on atmospheric circulation in the Northern Hemisphere
Yuki Morinaga and Tetsuzo Yasunari

348
Abstract
Parameterization of boundary conditions between the atmosphere and cryosphere
E.M. Morris and R.J. Harding

349
Abstract
Nitrate in coastal Antarctic shallow fim cores: comparison of seasonal pattern and of total flux
K. Moser, D. Wagenbach and K.O. Münnich

349
Abstract
26-year high resolution profile of major anions in snow from Coats Land, Antarctica
R. Mulvaney, D.A. Peel and A.P. Reid

350
Abstract
Ice-core evidence for Weddell Sea ice extent during the last 200 years
R. Mulvaney, A.P. Reid and D.A. Peel

350
Abstract
Late Pleistocene glacier dynamics and paleoclimate of south-western Montana and north-eastern Idaho, U.S.A.
Donald R. Murray

351
Abstract
Some possible causes for recent variations of Patagonian glaciers
Renji Naruse and Masamu Aniya

351
Abstract
Radiation interactions between cloud and snow and ice masses
Tetsuo Ohata

352
Abstract
Extracting climatic information from observations of icebergs in the Southern Ocean
Olav Orheim

352
Abstract
High evaporation on glaciers on the northwestern Tibetan Plateau
Tetsuo Ohata, Shuhei Takahashi and Hiroyuki Ohno

352
Abstract
Extracting climatic information from observations of icebergs in the Southern Ocean
Olav Orheim

353
Abstract
200-year climate record from Antarctic Peninsula
D.A. Peel and R. Mulvaney

353
Abstract
Recent teminus behavior of North Cascade Glaciers, Washington, related to climatic sensitivity
Mauri S. Pelto

354
Abstract
Holocene climatic records from Antarctic ice
J.R. Petit, N.I. Barkov, J.P. Benoist, J. Jouzel, Y.S. Korotkevich, V.M. Kotlyakov and C. Lorius

355
Abstract
Changes in glacier length induced by climate changes
Charles F. Raymond, E.D. Waddington and Tómas Jøhannesson

355
Abstract
Potential consequences of 'dirty' Arctic sea ice
Stephanie Pfirman, Manfred A. Lange and Tamara S. Ledley

356
Abstract
A detailed oxygen-18 profile from the Greenland ice-sheet margin through the Wisconsinan-Holocene transition
Niels Reeh, Anne Letr‚guilly and Hans Oerter

356
Abstract
Can Milankovitch variations initiate the growth of ice sheets in a global circulation model?
David Rind

357
Abstract
Riukojietna's sensitivity to climatic changes
Gunhild Rosqvist

358
Abstract
A 3500-year ice chemistry record from the Dominion Range, Antarctica: linkages between climatic variations and precipitation chemistry
Mary Jo Spencer, Paul A. Mayewski, W.Berry Lyons, Mark S. Twickle and Pieter Grooter

358
Abstract
Instability of the global greenhouse gas system as a cause of the ice ages: a low-order dynamical model
B. Saltzman and K.A. Maasch

359
Abstract
Changes of atmospheric methane concentration parallel to climatic changes
B. Stauffer, H. Oeschger and J. Schwander

359-360
Abstract
Holocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction from deep gound temperatures, Canadian Arctic Archipelago: a comparison with climatic inferences from the 18O record of ice cores
Alan E. Taylor

360-361
Abstract
Satellite and oceanographic observations of large ice-edge eddies in the Kuril basin region of the Okhotsk Sea
Masaaki Wakatsuchi, Seelye Martin and Ester Munoz

361
Abstract
Increased accumulation on the Antarctic ice sheet due to climatic warming
Stephen Warren and Susan Frankenstein

362
Abstract
Detecting global change in the Arctic
Gunter Weller

362
Abstract
Impurity distributions in ice under different environmental conditions
Eric Wolff

363
Abstract
Secular trends of accumulation rate on ice cores from Dunde ice cap, China over the last 1000 years
Wu Xiaoling, Li Zhongqin and Xie Zichu

363
Abstract
Soluble impurities in ice core D-1 of Dunde ice cap, China, over the last 500 years
Wu Xiaoling, Liu Jingshou and Yang Qinzhou

364
Abstract
Effect of Eurasian snow cover on summer climate of the Northern Hemisphere: a GCM study
Tetsuzo Yasunari, Akio Kitoh and Tatsushi Tokioka

365
Abstract
Evidence of environmental change since the Last Glacial Maximum inferrred from chemical analysis of an ice core from Law Dome, Antarctica
N.W. Young, M. de Angelis and D. Davis

366
Abstract
Ice-sheet elevation change
H. Jay Zwally