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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 25

Papers from the International Symposium on Representation of the Cryosphere in Climate and Hydrological Models

held at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada,
12-15 August 1996
Cover: Annals Vol. 25

Editor: J.E. Walsh

Contents

1-7
Physical characteristics of the Antarctic sea-ice zone derived from modelling and observations
W.F. Budd, Xingren Wu and P.A. Reid

8-11
First results of the Sea-Ice Model Intercomparison Project (SIMIP)
Martin Kreyscher, Markus Harder and Peter Lemke

12-16
The effect of sea-ice parameterizations on the simulation of the Arctic ice pack
Stephen J. Vavrus

17-21
The Arctic ocean-ice system studied by contaminant modelling
Larissa Nazarenko, Tessa Sou, Michael Eby and Greg Holloway

22-25
The possible effects of including ridge-related roughness in air-ice drag parameterization: a sensitivity study
L.-B. Tremblay and L.A. Mysak

26-32
On modeling sea-ice fracture and flow in numerical investigations of climate
W.D. Hibler, III and Erland M. Schulson

33-37
Development and evaluation of surface shortwave flux parameterizations for use in sea-ice models
Jeffrey R. Key, Yong Liu and Robert S. Stone

38-41
Parameterization of fluxes over heterogeneous snow cover for GCMs
Richard Essery

42-45
Snow-cover simulations in mountainous regions based on general circulation model outputs
Eric Martin, Eric Brun and Yves Durand

46-50
Sensitivity tests of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) for Arctic tundra
Jeffrey S. Tilley, William L. Chapman and Wanli Wu

51-57
The changing albedo of the Greenland ice sheet: implications for climate modeling
Anne W. Nolin and Julienne Stroeve

58-65
A high-resolution model of the 100 ka ice-age cycle
L. Tarasov and W.R. Peltier

66-72
Coupling a multi-layered snow model with a GCM
Eric Brun, Eric Martin and Valery Spiridonov

73-78
The Antarctic surface mass balance in a stretched grid general circulation model
Gerhard Krinner and Christophe Genthon

79-84
The climate of Antarctica in the UGAMP CGM: sensitivity to topography
I. Marsiat and J.L. Bamber

85-95
Use of ice-sheet normal modes for initialization and modelling small changes
Richard C.A. Hindmarsh

96-101
Sensitivity of an atmospheric general circulation model to the parameterization of leads in sea ice
Gregory M. Flato and David Ramsden

102-106
On the role of sea-ice transport in modifying Arctic responses to global climate change
James Maslanik and Jeremy Dunn

107-110
Simulation of sea ice in the NCAR Climate System Model
John W. Weatherly, Thomas W. Bettge and Bruce P. Briegleb

111-115
On the impact of sea ice in a global ocean circulation model
Achim Stössel

116-120
Ocean-sea-ice coupling in a global ocean general circulation model
S. Legutke, E. Maier-Reimer, A. Stössel and A. Hellbach

121-126
Investigating the interactions among river flow salinity and sea ice using a global coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice model
James R. Miller and Gary L. Russell

127-131
A multivariate comparison of two land-surface models integrated into an Arctic Regional Climate System model
Amanda Lynch, David McGinnis, William L. Chapman and Jeffrey S. Tilley

132-136
Sensible heat flux and local advection over a heterogeneous landscape at an Arctic tundra site during snowmelt
P. Marsh, J.W. Pomeroy and N. Neumann

137-144
Impact of transient increases in atmospheric CO² on the accumulation and mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet
Siobhan P. O'Farrell, John L. McGregor, Leon D. Rotstayn, William F. Budd, Christopher M. Zweck and Roland Warner

145-152
Ice-sheet mass balance during the Last Glacial Maximum
Gilles Ramstein, Adeline Fabre, Sophie Pinot, Catherine Ritz and Sylvie Joussaume

153-158
Areal distribution of the oxygen-isotope ratio in Antarctica: an assessment based on multivariate models
Mario B. Giovinetto and H.Jay Zwally

159-164
Asynchronously coupling the cryosphere and atmosphere in an energy-balance climate model
Robert S. Steen and Tamara Shapiro Ledley

165-169
Local and global stand-alone tests of the Météo-France snow parameterization
Hervé Douville

170-176
Numerical modeling of snow cover over polar ice sheets
Hervé Dang, Christophe Genthon and Eric Martin

177-182
Towards improving the physical basis for ice-dynamics models
Jacqueline A. Richter-Menge

183-187
On the improvement of sea-ice models for climate simulations: the Sea Ice Model Intercomparison Project
Peter Lemke, W.D. Hibler, G. Flato, M. Harder and M. Kreyscher

188-192
Calculation of solar-energy inputs into melt ponds
Igor A. Podgorny

193-197
Response of sea-ice models to perturbations in surface heat flux
T.E. Arbetter, J.A. Curry, M.M. Holland and J.A. Maslanik

198-202
Existence of an ice cap during the mid-Cretaceous period (120-90 Ma): an AGCM investigation
G. Ramstein, F. Fluteau and V. Masson

203-207
Impact of ocean circulation on regional polar climate simulations using the Arctic Region Climate System Model
David A. Bailey, Amanda H. Lynch and Katherine S. Hedström

208-213
Areal distribution of the oxygen-isotope ratio in Greenland
H. Jay Zwally and Mario B. Giovinetto

214-219
An assessment of the regional distribution of the oxygen-isotope ratio in northeastern Canada
Mario B. Giovinetto, Gerald Holdsworth, David A. Fisher, Nigel M. Waters and H. Jay Zwally

220-225
Characteristics of the water balance of the Moshiri experimental watershed, Japan
N. Ishikawa, Y. Takeuchi, Y. Ishii and Y. Kodama

226-231
Application of a conceptual precipitation-runoff model (HYCYMODEL) in the debris-covered glacierized basin in the Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalaya
Birbal Rana, Masayoshi Nakawo, Yoshihiro Fukushima and Yutaka Ageta

232-236
The response of areal snow cover to climate change in a snowmelt-runoff model
A. Rango

237-240
Roughness, age and drift trajectories of sea ice in large-scale simulations and their use in model verifications
Markus Harder

241-245
Hemispheric snow cover and surface albedo for model validation
David A. Robinson

246-249
Sensitivity of a two-layer model atmosphere to changes in ice-sheet topography
Charles S. Jackson

250-258
Ice-sheet mass balance at the Last Glacial Maximum from the GENESIS version 2 global climate model
Starley L. Thompson and David Pollard

259-268
Modeling the Antarctic ice sheet
Mikhail Verbitsky and Barry Saltzman

269-275
Year-round pack ice in the western Weddell Sea, Antarctica: response and sensitivity to atmospheric and oceanic forcing
Cathleen A. Geiger, Stephen F. Ackley and William D. Hibler, III

276-281
Impact of sea-ice formation on the properties of Antarctic bottom water
H. Goosse, J.M. Campin, T. Fichefet and E. Deleersnijder

282-286
Evaluating moist physics for Antarctic mesoscale simulations
Keith M. Hines, David H. Bromwich and Richard I. Cullather

287-291
The effects of snowfall on a snow-ice-thickness distribution
J.L. Schramm, M.M. Holland and J.A. Curry

292-295
Arctic modeling data resources: the data archives at the ARCSS Data Coordination Center and the National Snow and Ice Data Center, U.S.A.
David L. McGinnis and Matthew D. Cross

296-304
Driving a high-resolution dynamic ice-sheet model with GCM climate: ice-sheet initiation at 116?000 BP
David Pollard and Starley L. Thompson

305-311
Estimation of large-scale sea-ice motion from SSM/I 85.5 GHz imagery
Tom A. Agnew, Hao Le and Thomas Hirose

312-316
Modelling the snow cover in a complex Alpine topography
Charles Fierz, Christian Plüss and Eric Martin

317-321
Modeling polar glaciation
Robert J. Oglesby and Susan Marshall

322-326
Modelling inter-annual sea-ice variability off eastern Canada
J.R. Marko, D.B. Fissel and D. Haller

327-332
Thermodynamic feedback processes in a single-column sea-ice-ocean model
Marika M. Holland, Julie L. Schramm and Judith A. Curry

333-339
A three-dimensional climate-ice-sheet model applied to the Last Glacial Maximum
Philippe Huybrechts and Stephen T'siobbel

340-346
Historical variability in Northern Hemisphere spring snow-covered area
Ross D. Brown

347-352
Relationship between snow cover and atmospheric circulation, central North America, winter 1988
Chris Derksen, Kevin Misurak, Ellsworth LeDrew, Joe Piwowar and Barry Goodison

353-361
Preliminary analysis of the snow microwave radiometry using the SSM/I passive microwave data: the case of La Grande River watershed (Quebec)
Danielle De Sève, Monique Bernier, Jean-Pierre Fortin and Anne Walker

362-366
Seasonal snow cover and climate change in the Hadley Centre GCM
Richard Essery

367-370
Rapid changes in snow cover at low elevations in the Sierra Nevada, California, U.S.A.
Richard Kattelmann

371-375
Cryospheric data for model validations: requirements and status
R.G. Barry

376-381
The perennial ice cover of the Beaufort Sea from active- and passive-microwave observations
R. Kwok and J.C. Comiso

382-387
Determination of a melt-onset date for Arctic sea-ice regions using passive-microwave data
Mark R. Anderson

388-392
AVHRR-based Polar Pathfinder products for modeling applications
James Maslanik, Charles Fowler, Jeffrey Key, Ted Scambos, Todd Hutchinson and William Emery

393-399
Surface turbulent fluxes over pack ice inferred from TOVS observations
R.W. Lindsay, J.A. Francis, P.O.G. Persson, D.A. Rothrock and A.J. Schweiger

400-406
On the potential use of glacier and permafrost observations for verification of climate models
Martin Beniston, Wilfried Haeberli, Martin Hoelzle and Alan Taylor

407-411
Geometry response of glaciers to changes in spatial pattern of mass balance
Andrew Boudreaux and Charles Raymond

412-417
Snow-accumulation distribution in the interior of the Lambert Glacier basin, Antarctica
Martin Higham, Mike Craven, Andrew Ruddell and Ian Allison

418-422
How well can we parameterize past accumulation rates in polar ice sheets?
Eric J. Steig

423-428
Evaluation of the representation of Arctic sea ice in the U.K. Hadley Centre GCM
Douglas M. Smith, Claire Cooper, Duncan J. Wingham and Seymour W. Laxon

429-433
Arctic precipitation as represented in the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis
Mark C. Serreze and James A. Maslanik

434-438
Determination of areal surface-feature coverage in the Beaufort Sea using aircraft video data
Mark A. Tschudi, Judith A. Curry and James A. Maslanik

439-444
An improved elevation dataset for climate and ice-sheet modelling: validation with satellite imagery
J.L. Bamber and R.A. Bindschadler

445-450
Arctic sea-ice conditions and the distribution of solar radiation during summer
Donald K. Perovich and Walter B. Tucker, III