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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 35

Papers from the
International Symposium on Ice Cores and Climate

held at Kangerlussuaq, Greenland
19-23 August 2001

Cover: Annals Vol. 35

Editor: E.W. Wolff

Contents

1-4
The NorthGRIP deep drilling programme
Dorthe Dahl-Jensen, Niels S. Gundestrup, Heinz Miller, Okitsugu Watanabe, Sigfús J. Johnsen, Jørgen P. Steffensen, Henrik B. Clausen, Anders Svensson and Lars B. Larsen

5-8
The NorthGRIP ice-core logging procedure: description and evaluation
Christine Schøtt Hvidberg, Jørgen Peder Steffensen, Henrik B. Clausen, Hitoshi Shoji and Josef Kipfstuhl

9-18
Cold firn in the Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa areas, European Alps: spatial distribution and statistical models
Stephan Suter and Martin Hoelzle

19-24
Ice-core evidence for widespread Arctic glacier retreat in the Last Interglacial and the early Holocene
Roy M. Koerner and David A. Fisher

25-28
A new deep ice core from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Eurasian Arctic: first results
Diedrich Fritzsche, Frank Wilhelms, Lev M. Savatyugin, Jean Francis Pinglot, Hanno Meyer, Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten and Heinz Miller

29-35
An ice-core record over the last two centuries from Penny Ice Cap, Baffin Island, Canada
Kumiko Goto-Azuma, Roy M. Koerner and David A. Fisher

36-44
A site for deep ice coring in West Antarctica: results from aerogeophysical surveys and thermo-kinematic modeling
David L. Morse, Donald D. Blankenship, Edwin D. Waddington and Thomas A. Neumann

45-51
1000 year ice-core records from Berkner Island, Antarctica
Robert Mulvaney, Hans Oerter, David A. Peel, Wolfgang Graf, Carol Arrowsmith, Elisabeth C. Pasteur, B. Knight, Genevive C. Littot and William D. Miners

52-56
Effects of snow and firn ventilation on sublimation rates
Mary R. Albert

57-62
Reconstruction of three centuries of annual accumulation rates based on the record of stable isotopes of water from Lomonosovfonna, Svalbard
Veijo A. Pohjola, Tõnu A. Martma, Harro A. J. Meijer, John C. Moore, Elisabeth Isaksson, Rein Vaikmäe and Roderik S. W. van de Wal

63-66
Bidirectional permeability measurements of polar firn
Gina L. Luciano and Mary R. Albert

67-72
Surface mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from climate-analysis data and accumulation/runoff models
Edward Hanna, Philippe Huybrechts and Thomas L. Mote

73-78
Improvement of radar ice-thickness measurements of Greenland outlet glaciers using SAR processing
David A. Braaten, S. Prasad Gogineni, Dilip Tammana, Saikiran Namburi, John Paden and Krishna K. Gurumoorthy

79-83
Local rates of ice-sheet thickness change in Greenland
Gordon S. Hamilton and Ian Whillans

84-90
High net accumulation rates at Campo de Hielo Patagónico Sur, South America, revealed by analysis of a 45.97 m long ice core
Takayuki Shiraiwa, Shiro Kohshima, Ryu Uemura, Naohiro Yoshida, Sumito Matoba, Jun Uetake and Maria Angelica Godoi

91-96
Shallow firn cores from Neumayer, Ekströmisen, Antarctica: a comparison of accumulation rates and stable-isotope ratios
Elisabeth Schlosser and Hans Oerter

97-101
Seasonal variations of accumulation and the isotope record in ice cores: a study with surface snow samples and firn cores from Neumayer station, Antarctica
Elisabeth Schlosser and Hans Oerter

102-106
Mass balance and accumulation rate across Siple Dome, West Antarctica
Gordon S. Hamilton

107-110
Distribution of oxygen isotope ratios and snow accumulation rates in Wilhelm II Land, East Antarctica
Barbara T. Smith, Tas D. Van Ommen and Vin I. Morgan

111-117
Generalized view of source-region effects on δD and deuterium excess of ice-sheet precipitation
Jeffrey L. Kavanaugh and Kurt M. Cuffey

118-124
Using characteristic times to assess whether stable isotopes in polar snow can be reversibly deposited
Edwin D. Waddington, Eric J. Steig and Thomas A. Neumann

125-130
Measuring stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen in ice by means of laser spectrometry: the Bølling transition in the Dye-3 (south Greenland) ice core
R. van Trigt, Harro A. J. Meijer, Arny E. Sveinbjörnsdóttir, Sigfús J. Johnsen and Erik R. Th. Kerstel

131-135
Extracting the annual signal from Greenland ice-core chemistry and isotopic records
Sune Olander Rasmussen, Katrine Krogh Andersen, Marie-Louise Siggaard-Andersen and Henrik B. Clausen

136-144
Comparison between Greenland ice-margin and ice-core oxygen-18 records
Niels Reeh, Hans Oerter and Henrik Højmark Thomsen

145-149
An ice-marginal δ18O record from Barnes Ice Cap, Baffin Island, Canada
Christian Zdanowicz, David A. Fisher, Ian Clark and Denis Lacelle

150-156
The effects of flowline length evolution on chemistry-δ18O profiles from Penny Ice Cap, Baffin Island, Canada
David A. Fisher, Roy M. Koerner, Gregory A. Zielinski, Cameron P. Wake, Christian M. Zdanowicz, Jocelyne C. Bourgeois, Paul A. Mayewski and Nancy Grummet

157-161
Spatial representativity of air-temperature information from instrumental and ice-core-based isotope records in the European Alps
Wolfgang Schöner, Ingeborg Auer, Reinhard Böhm, Lothar Keck and Dietmar Wagenbach

162-166
Changes in chemical and isotopic properties near infiltrated cracks in an ice core from rmqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China
Lee Xinqing, Qin Dahe, Hou Shugui, Ren Jiawen, Duan Keqin and Zhou Hui

167-174
The irregular pattern of isotopic and ionic signals in the typical monsoon temperate-glacier area, Yulong mountain, China
He Yuanqing, Wilfred H. Theakstone, Yao Tandong, Chen Tuo and David D. Zhang

175-180
Trends and patterns in the recent accumulation and oxygen isotopes in coastal Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica: interpretations from shallow ice cores
Elisabeth Isaksson and Kjetil Melvold

181-186
Spatial and temporal variability in isotope composition of recent snow in the vicinity of Vostok station, Antarctica: implications for ice-core record interpretation
Alexey A. Ekaykin, Vladimir Ya. Lipenkov, Narcisse I. Barkov, Jean Robert Petit and Valerie Masson-Delmotte

187-194
Chemical and isotopic snow variability along the 1998 ITASE traverse from Terra Nova Bay to Dome C, East Antarctica
Marco Proposito, Silvia Becagli, Emiliano Castellano, O. Flora, Roberto Gragnani, Barbara Stenni, Rita Traversi, Roberto Udisti and Massimo Frezzotti

195-201
Stable-isotope records from Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Wolfgang Graf, Hans Oerter, Oskar Reinwarth, Willibald Stichler, Frank Wilhelms, Heinz Miller and Robert Mulvaney

202-208
Atmospheric CO2, CH4 and N2O records over the past 60 000 years based on the comparison of different polar ice cores
Bernhard Stauffer, Jacqueline Flckiger, Eric Monnin, Jakob Schwander, Jean-Marc Barnola and Jérme Chappellaz

209-216
Nitrate in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores: a detailed description of post-depositional processes
Regine Röthlisberger, Manuel A. Hutterli, Eric W. Wolff, Robert Mulvaney, Hubertus Fischer, Matthias Bigler, Kumiko Goto-Azuma, Margareta E. Hansson, Urs Ruth, Marie-Louise Siggaard-Andersen and Jørgen P. Steffensen

217-223
Past 220 year bipolar volcanic signals: remarks on common features of their source volcanic eruptions
Mika Kohno and Yoshiyuki Fujii

224-230
The structure and chemistry of 94 m Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice
Ian Baker and Daniel Cullen

231-236
A multiple-step deformation history of basal ice from the Dye 3 (Greenland) core: new insights from the CO2 and CH4 content
Véronique Verbeke, Reginald Lorrain, Sigfús J. Johnsen and Jean-Louis Tison

237-242
High-resolution microparticle profiles at NorthGRIP, Greenland: case studies of the calcium-dust relationship
Urs Ruth, Dietmar Wagenbach, Matthias Bigler, Jørgen P. Steffensen, Regine Röthlisberger and Heinz Miller

243-249
Lithium in Greenland ice cores measured by ion chromatography
Marie-Louise Siggaard-Andersen, Jørgen Peder Steffensen and Hubertus Fischer

250-256
Sulphate record from a northeast Greenland ice core over the last 1200 years based on continuous flow analysis
Matthias Bigler, Dietmar Wagenbach, Hubertus Fischer, Josef Kipfstuhl, Heinrich Miller, Stefan Sommer and Bernhard Stauffer

257-260
A 20th-century record of naphthalene in an ice core from Svalbard
Jari Vehviläinen, Elisabeth Isaksson and John C. Moore

261-265
An 800 year record of nitrate from the Lomonosovfonna ice core, Svalbard
Teija Kekonen, John C. Moore, Robert Mulvaney, Elisabeth Isaksson, Veijo Pohjola and Roderik S. W. van de Wal

266-272
Comparison of two ice-core chemical records recovered from the Qomolangma (Mount Everest) region, Himalaya
Hou Shugui, Qin Dahe, Zhang Dongqi, Ren Jiawen, Kang Shichang, Paul A. Mayewski and Cameron P. Wake

273-277
Indian monsoon and North Atlantic Oscillation signals reflected by Cl- and Na+ in a shallow ice core from Dasuopu glacier, Xixabangma, Himalaya
Wang Ninglian, Yao Tandong, Lonnie G. Thompson and Mary E. Davis

278-284
Preliminary results from the chemical records of an 80.4 m ice core recovered from East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest), Himalaya
Qin Dahe, Hou Shugui, Zhang Dongqi, Ren Jiawen, Kang Shichang, Paul A. Mayewski and Cameron P. Wake

285-290
Past 43 year oxalate record: rmqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China, and its link with Far East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest)
Lee Xinqing, Qin Dahe, Ren Jiawen, Duan Keqin, Kang Shichang and Zhou Hui

291-298
High-resolution fast ion chromatography (FIC) measurements of chloride, nitrate and sulphate along the EPICA Dome C ice core
Rita Traversi, Silvia Becagli, Emiliano Castellano, Alessio Migliori, Mirko Severi and Roberto Udisti

299-305
Comparison of analytical methods used for measuring major ions in the EPICA Dome C (Antarctica) ice core
Genevive C. Littot, Robert Mulvaney, Regine Röthlisberger, Roberto Udisti, Eric W. Wolff, Emiliano Castellano, Martine de Angelis, Margareta E. Hansson, Stefan Sommer and Jørgen P. Steffensen

306-312
LGM-Holocene changes and Holocene millennial-scale oscillations of dust particles in the EPICA Dome C ice core, East Antarctica
Barbara Delmonte, Jean Robert Petit and Valter Maggi

313-320
Electrical measurements on the 2503 m Dome F Antarctic ice core
Shuji Fujita, Nobuhiko Azuma, Hideaki Motoyama, Takao Kameda, Hideki Narita, Yoshiyuki Fujii and Okitsugu Watanabe

321-328
Linear and non-linear relations between high-frequency-limit conductivity, AC-ECM signals and ECM signals of Dome F Antarctic ice core from a laboratory experiment
Shuji Fujita, Nobuhiko Azuma, Hideaki Motoyama, Takao Kameda, Hideki Narita, Sumito Matoba, Makoto Igarashi, Mika Kohno, Yoshiyuki Fujii and Okitsugu Watanabe

329-332
Antarctic volcanic flux ratios from Law Dome ice cores
Anne S. Palmer, Vin I. Morgan, Mark A. J. Curran, Tas D. van Ommen and Paul A. Mayewski

333-339
Post-depositional movement of methanesulphonic acid at Law Dome, Antarctica, and the influence of accumulation rate
Mark A. J. Curran, Anne S. Palmer, Tas D. van Ommen, Vin I. Morgan, Katrina L. Phillips, Alison J. McMorrow and Paul A. Mayewski

340-346
Evidence of glacial flour in the deepest 89 m of the Vostok ice core
Jefferson C. Simões, Jean Robert Petit, Roland Souchez, Vladimir Ya. Lipenkov, Martine de Angelis, Liu Leibao, Jean Jouzel and Paul Duval

347-354
A glacio-chemical characterization of the new EPICA deep-drilling site on Amundsenisen, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Fidan Göktas, Hubertus Fischer, Hans Oerter, Rolf Weller, Stefan Sommer and Heinz Miller

355-361
Aerosol dry deposition measured with eddy-covariance technique at Wasa and Aboa, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Anna Grönlund, Douglas Nilsson, Ismo K. Koponen, Aki Virkkula and Margareta E. Hansson

362-367
60 years record of biogenic sulfur from Lambert Glacier basin firn core, East Antarctica
Sun Junying, Ren Jiawen and Qin Dahe

368-370
Interannual variations of shallow firn temperature at Greenland summit
Li Jun, Weili Wang and H. Jay Zwally

371-378
Reconstruction of the historical temperature trend from measurements in a medium-length borehole on the Lomonosovfonna plateau, Svalbard
Roderik S. W. van de Wal, Robert Mulvaney, Elisabeth Isaksson, John C. Moore, Jean Francis Pinglot, Veijo A. Pohjola and Martijn P. A. Thomassen

379-383
Temperature and methane changes over the past 1000 years recorded in Dasuopu glacier (central Himalaya) ice core
Yao Tandong, Duan Keqin, Xu Baiqing, Wang Ninglian, Pu Jianchen, Kang Shichang, Qin Xiang and Lonnie G. Thompson

384-390
Depth-age and temperature prediction at Dome Fuji station, East Antarctica
Takeo Hondoh, Hitoshi Shoji, Okitsugu Watanabe, Andrey N. Salamatin and Vladimir Ya. Lipenkov

391-397
Modelling of large-scale melt parameters with a regional climate model in south Greenland during the 1991 melt season
Filip Lefebre, Hubert Gallée, Jean-Pascal van Ypersele and Philippe Huybrechts

398-402
An investigation of rapid warm transitions during MIS2 and MIS3 using Greenland ice-core data and the CLIMBER-2 model
Irene A. Mogensen, Sigfús J. Johnsen, Andrey Ganoploski and Stefan Rahmstorf

403-408
A three-dimensional residence-time analysis of potential summertime atmospheric transport to Summit, Greenland
Jessica E. Miller, Jonathan D. W. Kahl, Fred Heller and Joyce M. Harris

409-415
The response of the Greenland ice sheet to climate changes in the 21st century by interactive coupling of an AOGCM with a thermomechanical ice-sheet model
Philippe Huybrechts, Ives Janssens, Chantal Poncin and Thierry Fichefet

416-422
The climate signal recorded in the oxygen-isotope, accumulation and major-ion time series from the Eclipse ice core, Yukon Territory, Canada
Cameron P. Wake, Kaplan Yalcin and Niels S. Gundestrup

423-429
Variability in the climate of the Pacific Ocean and North America as expressed in the Mount Logan ice core
G. W. Kent Moore, Keith Alverson and Gerald Holdsworth

430-436
The polar expression of ENSO and sea-ice variability as recorded in a South Pole ice core
Eric A. Meyerson, Paul A. Mayewski, Karl J. Kreutz, L. David Meeker, Sallie I. Whitlow and Mark S. Twickler

437-442
Indian monsoon variability in the Himalaya since AD 1800
Duan Keqin, Yao Tandong, Sun Weizhen and Li Xinqin

443-450
Potential for climate variability reconstruction from Andean glaciochemical records
Patrick Ginot, Margit Schwikowski, Ulrich Schotterer, Willibald Stichler, Heinz W. Gäggeler, Bernard Francou, Robert Gallaire and Bernard Pouyaud

451-456
Phase relationships between Antarctic and Greenland climate records
Eric J. Steig and Richard B. Alley

457-462
The fast climate fluctuations during the stadial and interstadial climate states
Peter D. Ditlevsen, Susanne Ditlevsen and Katrine K. Andersen

463-470
Features of meteorological events preserved in a high-resolution Law Dome (East Antarctica) snow pit
Alison J. McMorrow, Mark A. J. Curran, Tas D. van Ommen, Vin I. Morgan and Ian Allison

471-479
Annual-layer determinations and 167 year records of past climate of H72 ice core in east Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Fumihiko Nishio, Teruo Furukawa, Gen Hashida, Makoto Igarashi, Takao Kameda, Mika Kohno, Hideaki Motoyama, Kazuhiro Naoki, Kazuhide Satow, Keisuke Suzuki, Morimasa Takata, Yoko Toyama, Tomomi Yamada and Okitsugu Watanabe

480-486
Folding in strongly anisotropic layers near ice-sheet centers
Throstur Thorsteinsson and Edwin D. Waddington

487-494
Comparison of numerical schemes for the solution of the advective age equation in ice sheets
Ralf Greve, Yongqi Wang and Bernd Mgge

495-502
The Comninou-Dundurs effect and position stability of subglacial lakes
Johannes Weertman

503-509
Lateral boundary conditions for a local anisotropic ice-flow model
Olivier Gagliardini and Jacques Meyssonnier

510-514
Seasonal changes in snow surface roughness characteristics at Summit, Greenland: implications for snow and firn ventilation
Mary R. Albert and Robert L. Hawley

515-520
A vertical girdle fabric in the NorthGRIP deep ice core, North Greenland
Yun Wang, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Josef Kipfstuhl, Heinz Miller, Dorthe Dahl-Jensen and Hitoshi Shoji

521-526
Mass balance and ice flow along the north-northwest ridge of the Greenland ice sheet at NorthGRIP
Christine Schøtt Hvidberg, Kristian Keller and Niels S. Gundestrup

527-530
A Monte Carlo-tuned model of the flow in the NorthGRIP area
Aslak Grinsted and Dorthe Dahl-Jensen

531-537
Properties of GRIP ice crystals from around Greenland interstadial 3
Kaj M. Hansen, Anders Svensson, Yun Wang and Jørgen Peder Steffensen

538-544
A new method for predicting transport properties of polar firn with respect to gases on the pore-space scale
Johannes Freitag, Uwe Dobrindt and Josef Kipfstuhl

545-551
Modelling evolution of anisotropy in fabric and texture of polar ice
Sérgio H. Faria, Dmitri Ktitarev and Kolumban Hutter

552-558
Dome Concordia ice microstructure: impurities effect on grain growth
Jérme Weiss, J. Vidot, Michel Gay, Laurent Arnaud, Paul Duval and Jean Robert Petit

559-566
Observations of polar ice from the Holocene and the glacial period using the scanning electron microscope
Piers R. F. Barnes, Robert Mulvaney, K. Robinson and Eric W. Wolff

567-573
Ice-flow properties at Dome Summit South, Law Dome, East Antarctica
Weili Wang, Roland C. Warner and William F. Budd