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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 16

Proceedings of the Symposium on Mountain Glaciology relating to Human Activity

held in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China,
26-30 August 1991
Cover: Annals Vol. 16

Editor: R. LeB. Hooke

Contents

1-6
Glacioclimatological features in the Tanggula Mountains, China
Ding Yongjian, Li Zhongqin, Liu Shiyin and Yu Xinzhi

7-10
An outline of avalanches in the Tien Shan Mountains
Hu Ruji, Ma Hong and Wang Guo

11-16
Relation between recent glacier variations and climate in the Tien Shan Mountains, central Asia
Liu Chaohai and Han Tianding

17-20
Characteristics of the distribution of glaciers in China
Wang Zongtai and Yang Huian

21-24
Trends and features of climatic changes in the past 5000 years recorded by the Dunde ice core
Yao Tandong and L.G. Thompson

25-32
Sources and spatial variation of the chemical composition of snow in the Tien Shan, China
Mark W. Williams, Kathy A. Tonnessen, John M. Melack and Yang Daqing

33-38
Flood generation and destruction of "Drift" Glacier by the 1989-90 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska
D.C. Trabant and D.F. Meyer

39-44
The movement mechanisms of Ürümqi Glacier No. 1, Tien Shan Mountains, China
Huang Maohuan

45-52
Anthropogenic sulfate and Asian dust signals in snow from Tien Shan, northwest China
Cameron P. Wake, Paul A. Mayewski, Wang Ping, Yang Qinzhao, Han Jiankang and Xie Zichu

53-54
Avalanche videos
Alan Dennis

55-66
An experimental study of the water and heat balance in the source area of the Ürümqi River in the Tien Shan Mountains
Kang Ersi, Yang Daqing, Zhang Yinsheng, Yang Xinyuan and Shi Yafeng

67-72
Some glacio-micrometeorological features on the north side of Mount Qogir (K2), Karakorum Mountains
Ding Yongjian

73-78
Energy balance of a snow cover and simulation of snowmelt in the western Tien Shan Mountains, China
Ma Hong, Liu Zongchao and Liu Yifeng

79-84
Glacial and lake fluctuations in the area of the west Kunlun mountains during the last 45 000 years
Li Shijie and Shi Yafeng

85-88
Jökulhlaupsin the Kunmalike River, southern Tien Shan Mountains, China
Liu Jinshi

89-94
Predictions of changes of glacier mass balance in the Nepal Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau: a case study of air temperature increase for three glaciers
Yutaka Ageta and Tsutomu Kadota

95-106
Jökulhlaups in Iceland: prediction, characteristics and simulation
Helgi Björnsson

107-114
The influence of humidity on the ablation of continental-type glaciers
Hiroyuki Ohno, Tetsuo Ohata and Keiji Higuchi

115-122
An evaluation of scale-dependent effects of atmosphere-glacier interactions on heat supply to glaciers
Tetsuo Ohata

123-126
Basal deformation of Ürümqi Glacier No. 1, Tien Shan mountains, China
Jing Xiaoping, Huang Maohuan, Chen Jianming and Jin Mingxie

127-133
The dramatic retreat of Mount Kenya's glaciers between 1963 and 1987: greenhouse forcing
Stefan Hastenrath and Phillip D. Kruss

134
Abstract
Simultaneous monitoring of mass balance fluctuations of and runoff from Tien Shan glaciers
M.B. Dyurgerov, V.N. Mikhalenko, M.G. Kunakhovitch, S.N. Ushnurtsev, Liu Chaohai, Xie Zichu, Zhang Wanchang and Wang Chunzi

135-139
Investigation of glacier bursts of the Yarkant River in Xinjiang, China
Zhang Xiangsong

140
Abstract
Avalanches in the Tien Shan mountains, China
Wei Wenshou

141-145
Study of glacier meltwater resources in China
Yang Zhenniang and Hu Xiaogang

146-150
An outline of avalanches in the southeastern Tibet Plateau, China
Wang Yanlong and Huang Maohuan

151-157
Terminus of Hubbard Glacier, Alaska
Robert M. Krimmel and D.C. Trabant

158-162
Reactions of a calving glacier to large changes in water level
Tron Laumann and Bjørn Wold

163-167
Recent fluctuations of glaciers in the Gongga mountains
Su Zhen, Liu Shiyin, Wang Ninglian and Shi Aiping

168-172
Identification of glaciers with surge characteristics on the Tibetan Plateau
Zhang Wenjing

173-179
Can the mass balance of the entire glacier area of the Tien Shan be estimated?
M.B. Dyurgerov, M.G. Kunakhovitch, V.N. Mikhalenko, A.M. Sokalskaya and V.A. Kuzmichenok

180-184
Glacier lake outburst flood disasters in China
Ding Yongjian and Liu Jingshi

185-189
Temperature regime studies and mathematical calculations for dry snow covers in the western Tien Shan mountains, China
Ma Hong, Liu Zongchao and Yang Zhian

190-192
Application of nonlinear colour enhancement on transparencies for interpretation of glacier surface characteristics
Cao Meisheng, Mi Desheng, Pu Yinbin and Liu Jinghaung

193-197
Satellite snow-cover monitoring for the prediction of snowmelt runoff in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, China
Zeng Qunzhu, Feng Xuezhi, Chen Xianzhang, Lan Yongchao, Wang Jian and Liu Yujie

198-206
Differences in mass-balance calculations resulting from alternative sampling and estimation techniques on Glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China
Kelly Elder, Richard Kattelmann, Sergei N. Ushnurtsev, Yang Daqing and Alexander Chichagov

207-211
Progress and prospect for research on mountain glaciers in China
Xie Zichu

212-214
Industrial influence on glacial processes in mountains of circumpolar regions
V.I. Grebenets and D.B. Fedoseyev

215-219
The use of microwave radiometer data for characterizing snow storage in western China
A.T.C. Chang, J.L. Foster, D.K. Hall, D.A. Robinson, Li Peiji and Cao Meisheng

220-224
Influence of local factors on the distribution of snow resources in northern Tien Shan
S.I. Severskiy and I.V. Severskiy

225-230
Factors delaying spring runoff in the upper Ürümqi River basin, China
Richard Kattelmann and Yang Daqing