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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 19

Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied Ice and Snow Research

held in Rovaniemi, Finland,
18-23 April 1993
Cover: Annals Vol. 19

Editor: S.J. Jones

Contents

1-6
Climatic influence on the composition of snow cover at Austra Okstindbreen, Norway, 1989 and 1990
He Yuanqing and Wilfred H. Theakstone

7-12
Friction of melting ice
Stephen J. Jones, H. Kitagawa, K. Izumiyama and H. Shimoda

13-18
The elastic modulus of columnar-grain fresh-water ice
Lorne W. Gold

19-24
An error analysis of the techniques used in the measurement of high-speed friction on snow
S.C. Colbeck

25-32
Two-dimensional analysis of ice ridging in the Beaufort Sea using aerial photography
J.E. Lewis, P. Budkewitsch, G. Newton, M. Sayed and R.M.W. Frederking

33-38
Preliminary observations of brittle compressive failure of columnar saline ice under triaxial loading
E.T. Gratz and E.M. Schulson

39-48
The mechanical properties of saline ice under uniaxial compression
Garry A. Kuehn and E.M. Schulson

49-54
The response of a seasonal snow cover to explosive loading
Jerome B. Johnson, Daniel J. Solie and Stephen A. Barrett

55-62
Transient creep of polycrystalline ice under uniaxial compression: an assessment of internal state variable models
J. Meyssonnier and A. Goubert

63-68
Effects of microtopography on texture, temperature and heat flow in Arctic and sub-Arctic snow
Matthew Sturm and Jonathan Holmgren

69-76
Metamorphism of fine-grained snow due to surface curvature differences
R.L. Brown, M.Q. Edens and A. Sato

77-84
Snowfall series of Turin, 1784-1992: climatological analysis and action on structures
Ezio Leporati and Luca Mercalli

85-91
Isotopic and ionic changes in a snow cover at different altitudes: observations at Austre Okstindbreen in 1991
Peter Raben and Wilfred H. Theakstone

92-96
Snow dielectric properties: from DC to microwave X-band
Th Achammer and A. Denoth

97-103
Characteristics of snow gliding on rock
D.M. McClung, Simon Walker and W. Golley

104-106
An electronic device for long-term snow wetness recording
A. Denoth

107-113
A distributed snowmelt prediction model in mountain areas based on an energy balance method
Takeshi Ohta

114-120
Finite ice failure depth in penetration of a vertical indentor into an ice edge
Tuomo Kärnä

121-125
Ice charting based on multispectral satellite data in the Baltic Sea
V.A. Golovko, M. Leppäranta, S. Kalliosaari, Yu S. Sedunov and A.M. Volkov

126-130
Melting characteristics of ice blocks immersed in quiescent saline water
Shoichiro Fukusako, Masahiko Yamada and Chikara Watanabe

131-137
Microcracking and shear fracture in ice
M.A. Rist, S.J. Jones and T.D. Slade

138-140
Bent icicles and spikes
N. Maeno, L. Makkonen and T. Takahashi

141-145
An analytical model of icicle growth
Krzysztof Szilder and Edward P. Lozowski

146-154
Investigations of discrepancies between laboratory studies of the flow of ice: density, sample shape and size, and grain-size
T.H. Jacka

155-157
Application of a new friction theory to ice and snow
Lasse Makkonen

158-164
Modelling of the ice-edge failure process with curved failure surfaces
Pentti Kujala