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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 24

Papers from the International Symposium on Changing Glaciers

held at Fjærland, Norway,
24-27 June 1996
Cover: Annals Vol. 24

Editor: I.M. Whillans

Contents

1-5
The Cambridge Austerdalsbreen expeditions 1954-1963
John Nye

6-10
Accurate mapping of Arctic glaciers over 50 years ago
John Wright

11-15
Greatest Holocene advance of Glaciar Pio XI, Chilean Patagonia: possible causes
Charles R. Warren, Andrés Rivera and Austin Post

16-20
Predicted response of the calving glacier Svartisheibreen, Norway, and outbursts from it, to future changes in climate and lake level
Michael Kennett, Tron Laumann and Bjarne Kjøllmoen

21-26
Sediment deformation and basal dynamics beneath a glacier surge front: Bakaninbreen, Svalbard
Philip R. Porter, Tavi Murray and Julian A. Dowdeswell

27-31
The rate of chemical weathering beneath a quiescent, surge-type, polythermal-based glacier, southern Spitsbergen, Svalbard
J.L. Wadham, A.J. Hodson, M. Tranter and J.A. Dowdeswell

32-37
Glacier thermal regime and suspended-sediment yield: a comparison of two high-Arctic glaciers
A.J. Hodson, M. Tranter, J.A. Dowdeswell, A.M. Gurnell and J.O. Hagen

38-42
Thinning and retreat of Glaciar Upsala, and an estimate of annual ablation changes in southern Patagonia
Renji Naruse, Pedro Skvarca and Yukari Takeuchi

43-48
Large-scale rheology of the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, computed by a control method
Vincent Rommelaere and Douglas R. MacAyeal

49-53
Effect of extension rate on terminus position, Columbia Glacier, Alaska, U.S.A.
E.R. Venteris, I.M. Whillans and C.J. van der Veen

54-59
Equilibrium line and mean annual mass balance of Finsterwalderbreen, Spitsbergen, determined by in situ and laboratory gamma-ray measurements of nuclear test deposits
J.F. Pinglot, M. Pourchet, B. Lefauconnier and M. Creseveur

60-65
Changes in areal extent, elevation and volume of Athabasca Glacier, Alberta, Canada, as estimated from a series of maps produced between 1919 and 1979
J.R. Reynolds and G.J. Young

66-71
The 20th-century advance of Glaciar Pio XI, Chilean Patagonia
Andrés Rivera, Heiner Lange, Juan Carlos Aravena and Gino Casassa

72-80
Comparison of satellite-derived with ground-based measurements of the fluctuations of the margins of Vatnajökull, Iceland, 1973-92
Richard S. Williams, Jr, Dorothy K. Hall, Oddur Sigurðsson and Janet Y.L. Chien

81-89
Dynamics of mountain ice caps during glacial cycles: the case of Patagonia
Nick Hulton and David Sugden

90-94
Monitoring and prediction of shrinkage of a small glacier in the Nepal Himalaya
Tsutomu Kadota, Koji Fujita, Katsumoto Seko, Rijan B. Kayastha and Yutaka Ageta

95-101
Spatial, temporal and kinematic characteristics of surges of Variegated Glacier, Alaska
Wendy Lawson

102-105
Retreat of Wurtenkees, European East Alps, since 1850
W. Schöner, I. Auer, R. Böhm, N. Hammer and T. Wiesinger

106-110
A century-long recession record of Glaciar O'Higgins, Chilean Patagonia
Gino Casassa, Henry Brecher, Andrés Rivera and Masamu Aniya

111-115
Statistical modelling of equilibrium-line altitudes of Hintereisferner, central Alps, Austria, 1859-present
Hanns Kerschner

116-121
Calving processes at a grounded ice cliff
Martin P. Kirkbride and Charles R. Warren

122-129
Structures within the surge front at Bakaninbreen, Svalbard, using ground-penetrating radar
Tavi Murray, Daniel L. Gooch and Graham W. Stuart

130-134
Glacial variations on a meso-scale: examples from glaciers in the Aurland Mountains, southern Norway
Arve M. Tvede and Tron Laumann

135-141
Glacier geomorphometry—an approach for analysing long-term glacier surface changes using grid-based digital elevation models
Bernd Etzelmüller and Johan Ludvig Sollid

142-147
Modern and Little Ice Age glaciers in "humid" and "arid" areas of the Tien Shan, Central Asia: two different patterns of fluctuation
O.S. Savoskul

148-151
Use of the total input and output of ions to measure meltwater runoff time through a glacier's accumulation area
Peter Raben and Wilfred H. Theakstone

152-156
Investigation of a possible crevasse near the main airstrip on McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica
I.M. Whillans, C.J. Merry and G.S. Hamilton

157-163
Kinematic GPS survey of geometry changes on Svalbard glaciers
Trond Eiken, Jon Ove Hagen and Kjetil Melvold

164-168
Eastern Alpine glacier activity and climatic records since 1860
M. Kuhn, E. Schlosser and N. Span

169-174
Longitudinal coupling in ice flow across a subglacial ridge
Peter Jansson

175-180
Glacial lake drainage: a stability analysis
Krzysztof Szilder, Edward P. Lozowski and Martin J. Sharp

181-185
Experimental studies on the transformation from firn to ice in the wet-snow zone of temperate glaciers
Katsuhisa Kawashima and Tomomi Yamada

186-190
The influence of superimposed-ice formation on the sensitivity of glacier mass balance to climate change
John Woodward, Martin Sharp and Anthony Arendt

191-198
Seasonal variation in the apparent height of the East Antarctic ice sheet
D. Yi, C.R. Bentley and M.D. Stenoien

199-202
Numerical simulation of fluctuations of Hintereisferner, Ötztal Alps, since AD 1850
Elisabeth Schlosser

203-210
Modelling the mass balance of northwest Spitsbergen glaciers and responses to climate change
Kevin M. Fleming, Julian A. Dowdeswell and Johannes Oerlemans

211-216
Areal melt and discharge modelling of Storglaciären, Sweden
Regine Hock and Christian Noetzli

217-222
Predicted response of Storglaciären, Sweden, to climatic warming
Keith A. Brugger

223-228
Modelling of Last Glacial Maximum ice sheets using different accumulation parameterizations
Adeline Fabre, Catherine Ritz and Gilles Ramstein

229-233
Coupling between the atmospheric circulation and extremes of the mass balance of Storglaciären, northern Scandinavia
Veijo Allan Pohjola and Jeffrey C. Rogers

234-241
Numerical modelling of the historic front variation and the future behaviour of the Pasterze glacier, Austria
Z. Zuo and J. Oerlemans

242-248
Flow simulation of a firn-covered cold glacier
Olivier Gagliardini and Jacques Meyssonnier

249-254
Quiescent-phase changes in velocity and geometry of Finsterwalderbreen, a surge-type glacier in Svalbard
Anne-Marie Nuttall, Jon Ove Hagen and Julian Dowdeswell

255-261
Visible and near-infrared digital images for determination of ice velocities and surface elevation during a surge on Osbornebreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard
Cecilie Rolstad, Jostein Amlien, Jon Ove Hagen and Bengt Lundén

262-267
Comparison of radio-echo sounding (30-1000 MHz) and high-resolution borehole-temperature measurements at Finsterwalderbreen, southern Spitsbergen, Svalbard
R.S. Ødegård, J. Hagen and S.-E. Hamran

268-271
Dynamic behavior of Glaciar Perito Moreno, southern Patagonia
Pedro Skvarca and Renji Naruse

272-276
The effect of continentality on glacier response and mass balance
Per Holmlund and Thomas Schneider

277-282
Borehole video observation of englacial and basal ice conditions in a temperate valley glacier
Luke Copland, Jon Harbor and Martin Sharp

283-287
The changes of Eurasian glaciation during the past century: glacier mass balance and ice-core evidence
Vladimir N. Mikhalenko

288-292
Interaction between water pressure in the basal drainage system and discharge from an Alpine glacier before and during a rainfall-induced subglacial hydrological event
Andrew P. Barrett and David N. Collins

293-296
Airborne measurement of glacier surface elevation by scanning laser altimeter
Mike Kennett and Trond Eiken

297-302
100 years of ice dynamics of Hintereisferner, Central Alps, Austria, 1894-1994
N. Span, M. Kuhn and H. Schneider

303-308
Advances in ice radar studies of a temperate Alpine glacier, South Cascade Glacier, Washington, U.S.A
Andrew G. Fountain and Robert W. Jacobel

309-313
Mathematical modeling of temporal changes in snow-firn properties in cold period
Elena Guseva-Lozinski

314-319
Monitoring glacier changes using a global positioning system
Frank M. Jacobsen and Wilfred H. Theakstone

320-325
Surface-velocity and strain-rate variations at the glacier Austre Okstindbreen, Okstindan, Norway, 1976-95
Frank M. Jacobsen, Wilfred H. Theakstone and N.Tvis Knudsen

326-330
Kinematic global positioning system to monitor small Antarctic glaciers
S. Gandolfi, M. Meneghel, M.C. Salvatore and L. Vittuari

331-337
The use of borehole inclinometry in determining basal sliding and internal deformation at Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland
Luke Copland, Jon Harbor, Marie Minner and Martin Sharp

338-343
Fluctuations of unstable mountain glaciers: scale and character
V.M. Kotlyakov, G.B. Osipova and D.G. Tsvetkov

344-349
Changes of the equilibrium-line altitude in the tropical Cordillera Blanca, Peru, 1930-50, and their spatial variations
Georg Kaser and Christian Georges

350-354
Signals of 20th-century warming from the glaciers in the Central Italian Alps
Manuela Pelfini and Claudio Smiraglia

355-360
Using ground-penetrating radar to image previous years' summer surfaces for mass-balance measurements
Jack Kohler, John Moore, Mike Kennett, Rune Engeset and Hallgeir Elvehøy

361-366
Volumetric variations of the Glacier de Sarennes, French Alps, during the last two centuries
François Valla and Christian Piedallu

367-374
Effects of weather events on X-SAR radar returns from ice fields: a case study of the Hielo Patagónico Sur, South America
Richard R. Forster, Laurence C. Smith and Bryan L. Isacks

375-381
Structural evolution of a surge-type polythermal glacier: Hessbreen, Svalbard
Michael J. Hambrey and Julian A. Dowdeswell

382-389
A flowline model for Nigardsbreen, Norway: projection of future glacier length based on dynamic calibration with the historic record
J. Oerlemans

390-396
Stick-slip sliding behaviour at the base of a glacier
Urs H. Fischer and G.K.C. Clarke

397-402
Interpretation of borehole impulse tests at Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland
Bernd Kulessa and Bryn Hubbard

403-408
Topography and dynamics of Austfonna, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, from SAR interferometry
Beverley Unwin and Duncan Wingham

409-414
Actively surging West Antarctic ice streams and their response characteristics
Robert Bindschadler

415-420
The reaction of mountain glaciers to climatic change under continental conditions
M.G. Kunakhovitch and A.M. Sokalskaya