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Annals of Glaciology
Volume 32

Papers from the
International Symposium on Snow, Avalanches and Impact of the Forest Cover

held in Innsbruck, Austria
22-26 May 2000
Cover: Annals Vol. 32

Editor: K. Hutter

Contents

1-6
A model for kinetic grain growth
Thorsten Baunach, Charles Fierz, Pramod K. Satyawali and Martin Schneebeli

7-13
Snow texture: a comparison of empirical versus simulated texture index for Alpine snow
C. Pielmeier, M. Schneebeli and T. Stucki

14-18
The low-frequency conductivity of snow near the melting temperature
Iwao Takei and Norikazu Maeno

19-26
Simulation of surface-hoar layers for snow-cover models
Paul M.B. Föhn

27-32
Numerical modelling of sublimation on snow and comparison with field measurements
Akihiro Hachikubo

33-38
Heavy rain on snow cover
B. Kohl, M. Fuchs, G. Markart and G. Patzelt

39-43
Creep experiments and numerical simulations of very light artificial snowpacks
Osamu Abe

44-50
Rheological measurements of the viscoelastic properties of snow
Christian Camponovo and Jürg Schweizer

51-58
Water vapor in the pore space of snow
Sergey A. Sokratov, Atsushi Sato and Yasushi Kamata

59-69
Evaluation of the shear frame test for weak snowpack layers
Bruce Jamieson and Colin D. Johnston

70-74
On the correlation between tensile strength and stress wave velocities of dry coherent snow based on its structural model
Vladimir N. Golubev and Anatoly D. Frolov

75-81
Three-dimensional snow images by X-ray microtomography
Cécile Coléou, Bernard Lesaffre, Jean-Bruno Brzoska, Wolfgang Ludwig and Elodie Boller

82-86
Effect of western U.S. snow cover on climate
Susan Marshall, Robert J. Oglesby and Anne W. Nolin

87-92
Impact of spatial resolution on the hydrological simulation of the Durance high-Alpine catchment, France
Pierre Etchevers, Yves Durand, Florence Habets, Eric Martin and Joël Noilhan

93-96
Properties and structure of the seasonal snow cover in the continental regions of China
Wei Wenshou, Qin Dahe and Liu Mingzhe

97-101
Recent fluctuation of snow cover on mountainous areas in Japan
Masujiro Shimizu and Osamu Abe

102-108
Snow-cover depth, distribution and duration data from northeast Greenland obtained by continuous automatic digital photographing
Hanne H. Christiansen

109-115
Numerical simulations of Greenland snowpack and comparison with passive microwave spectral signatures
Christophe Genthon, Michel Fily and Eric Martin

116-120
The effect of wind on the snow cover
Sergey A. Sokratov and Atsushi Sato

121-124
Mass-flux measurements in a cold wind tunnel: comparison of the mechanical traps with a snow-particle counter
D. Font, T. Sato, K. Kosugi, A. Sato and J.M. Vilaplana

125-129
Time-space linear regression analysis of the snow cover in a pre-Alpine semi-forested catchment
Manfred Stähli, Andreas Papritz, Peter Waldner and Felix Forster

130-134
A nearest-neighbor model for regional avalanche forecasting
Bernhard Brabec and Roland Meister

135-140
Avalanche extremes and atmospheric circulation patterns
K.W. Birkeland, C.J. Mock and J.J. Shinker

141-146
Photogrammetric avalanche volume measurements at Vallée de la Sionne, Switzerland
Julien Vallet, Urs Gruber and François Dufour

147-152
Buoyancy effects induced by drifting snow particles
Richard Bintanja

153-158
Measurements and one-dimensional model calculations of snow transport over a mountain ridge
J. Doorschot, N. Raderschall and M. Lehning

159-162
The effect of wind direction on drift control by snow fences
Yukari Takeuchi, Shun'ichi Kobayashi, Takeshi Sato, Kaoru Izumi, Kenji Kosugi, Wang Xin, Zhang Jiapin and Peng Yongheng

163-167
Impact of a climate change on avalanche hazard
Eric Martin, Gérald Giraud, Yves Lejeune and Géraldine Boudart

168-174
Observations of snowdrift over Antarctic snow and blue-ice surfaces
Richard Bintanja, H. Lilienthal and H. Tüg

175-181
Drifting-snow studies over an instrumented mountainous site: II. Measurements and numerical model at small scale
Jean-Luc Michaux, Florence Naaim-Bouvet and Mohamed Naaim

182-186
Application of statistical simulation for avalanche-risk evaluation
P.A. Chernouss and Yu. Fedorenko

187-194
Numerical experiments of wind transport over a mountainous instrumented site: I. Regional scale
Yves Durand, Gilbert Guyomarc'h and Laurent Mérindol

195-202
Simulating snowmelt processes during rain-on-snow over a semi-arid mountain basin
Danny Marks, Tim Link, Adam Winstral and David Garen

203-208
Saltation-layer structure of drifting snow observed in wind tunnel
Takeshi Sato, Kenji Kosugi and Atsushi Sato

209-216
The influence of tree and branch fracture, overturning and debris entrainment on snow avalanche flow
P. Bartelt and V. Stöckli

217-222
The influence of the forest on night-time snow surface temperature
Peter Höller

223-229
Characteristics of terrain, snow supply and forest cover for avalanche initiation caused by logging
D.M. McClung

230-236
Measurements of mass balance in dense snow avalanche events
Betty Sovilla, Francesco Sommavilla and Alvise Tomaselli

237-240
Distribution of slush flows in northern Europe and their potential change due to global warming
T. Sidorova, N. Belaya and V. Perov

241-250
Ping-pong ball avalanche experiments
J. McElwaine and K. Nishimura

251-254
Prediction of avalanche paths deviated from the stream by centre-of-mass model
Tomoharu Nagasaki, Kaoru Izumi, Shun'ichi Kobayashi and Takatsugu Yamada

255-258
Avalanches: a probabilistic approach to modelling
A.N. Bozhinsky, A.N. Nazarov and P.A. Chernouss

259-262
A study on the size of snow particles in powder-snow avalanches
Marie Clément-Rastello

263-267
An accurate shock-capturing finite-difference method to solve the Savage-Hutter equations in avalanche dynamics
Y.C. Tai, S. Noelle, J.M.N.T. Gray and K. Hutter

268-274
On the characterization of seismic signals generated by snow avalanches for monitoring purposes
E. Suriñach, G. Furdada, F. Sabot, B. Biescas and J.M. Vilaplana

275-280
Avalanche dynamics measurement by pulsed Doppler radar
Helmut Schreiber, Walter L. Randeu, Horst Schaffhauser and Lambert Rammer

281-284
Flow of dense avalanches past obstructions
Y.C. Tai, J.M.N.T. Gray, K. Hutter and S. Noelle

285-289
A transition in dry-snow slab avalanche triggering modes
François Louchet

290-298
On probability analysis in snow avalanche hazard zoning
Carl Harbitz, Alf Harbitz and Farrokh Nadim

299-305
Estimate of uncertainties in avalanche hazard mapping
M. Barbolini and F. Savi

306-310
Aeolian susceptibility maps: methodology and applications
D. Font, G. Furdada and J.M. Vilaplana

311-313
Zoning of snowiness and avalanching in the mountains of western Transcaucasia
E. Troshkina, T. Glazovskaya, N. Kondakova and V. Sokolov

314-320
The skier's zone of influence in triggering slab avalanches
Jürg Schweizer and Christian Camponovo

321-327
Particle densities, velocities and size distributions in large avalanches from impact-sensor measurements
Mark Schaer and Dieter Issler

328-332
Winter 1999: a valuable test of the avalanche-hazard mapping procedure in Switzerland
Urs Gruber and Stefan Margreth

333-338
Avalanche of 18 January 1997 on Brenva Glacier, Mont Blanc Group, Western Italian Alps: an unusual process of formation
Gian Paolo Giani, Sandro Silvano and Giorgio Zanon

339-344
SAFRAN-Crocus snow simulations in an unstable and windy climate
Svanbjörg Helga Haraldsdóttir, Haraldur Olafsson, Yves Durand, Laurent Mérindol and Gérald Giraud

345-349
The proposed open-pit protection of Bolungarvík, Iceland
Arni Jónsson and Erik Hestnes

350-354
Run-up of two avalanches on the deflecting dams at Flateyri, northwestern Iceland
Tómas Jóhannesson