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Journal of Glaciology

Volume 19 (1977)

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[No. 81]

[Volume 18] [Journal Index] [Volume 20]

Old style Journal cover (No. 103)

Vol. 19 1977 No. 81

Contents

3
Preface
International Glaciological Society (IGS)

15-66
Engineering properties of snow
Malcolm Mellor

67-100
Snow forces
Bruno Salm

101-109
Direct simple shear tests on snow and their relation to slab avalanche formation
David M. McClung

111-121
A fracture criterion for snow
R.L. Brown

123-139
Snow drift
U. Radok

141-152
The kinetic friction on snow and ice
Daisuke Kuroiwa

153-163
The modeling and measurement of the deformation of a sloping snow-pack
Theodore E. Lang and Richard A. Sommerfeld

165-173
Approximate solutions for the interruption of creep and glide by avalanche defences
R.J. Evans and J.A. Langdon

175-183
Propagation of a plastic wave in snow
Gorow Wakahama and Atsushi Sato

185-195
Expected snow loads on structures from incomplete hydrological data
J. Martinec

197-212
Engineering properties of fresh-water ice
L.W. Gold

213-223
Measuring the uniaxial compressive strength of ice
F.D. Haynes and M. Mellor

225-235
Friction of a steel ball on a single crystal of ice
Katutosi Tusima

237-245
Concentrated loads on a floating ice sheet
D.E. Nevel

247-256
Flexural strength of ice on temperate lakes
Anthony J. Gow

257-264
Ice forces
Per Tryde

265-283
Ice-structure interaction with artificially generated force records
A.S.J. Swamidas, D.V. Reddy and G. Purcell

285-300
Mechanisms and theory of indentation of ice plates
B. Michel and N. Toussaint

301-312
Indentation tests to investigate ice pressures on vertical piers
K.R. Croasdale, N.R. Morgenstern and J.B. Nuttall

313-324
Snow avalanches: a review of current research and applications
Edward R. LaChapelle

325-334
Continuous monitoring of metamorphic changes of internal snow structure as a tool in avalanche studies
Richard L. Armstrong

335-342
Gradient metamorphism, zonal weakening of the snow-pack and avalanche initiation
C.C. Bradley, R.L. Brown and T.R. Williams

343-356
A model study of powder-snow avalanches
E.J. Hopfinger and J.-C. Tochon-Danguy

357-363
On the flow of avalanching snow
M. Heimgartner

365-373
Wave pattern of flowing snow slabs
T.E. Lang

375-387
Evaluation and comparison of statistical and conventional methods of forecasting avalanche hazard
P. Föhn, W. Good, P. Bois and C. Obled

389-397
Alternate methods for the artificial release of snow avalanches
Edward R. LaChapelle

399-409
Preliminary observations of acoustic emissions preceding avalanches
Richard A. Sommerfeld

411-417
Spontaneous fracture initiation in mountain snow-packs
William St. Lawrence and Charles Bradley

419-429
Artificial release of avalanches by explosives
H. Gubler

431-439
The dynamics of avalanching in the Khibins
V.M. Kotlyakov, B.N. Rzhevskiy and V.A. Samoylov

441-449
Strong snow-storms, their effect on snow cover and snow accumulation
A.K. Dyunin, B.A. Anfilofiyev, M.G. Istrapilovich, Ya D. Kvon and
N.T. Mamayeva

451-465
Ice accretion on structures
Roland List

467-478
De-icing of radomes and lock walls using pneumatic devices
S.F. Ackley, K. Itagaki and M.D. Frank

479-487
Snow accretion on electric wires and its prevention
Gorow Wakahama, Daisuke Kuroiwa and Kazuo Goto

489-497
The intensity of different kinds of rime on the upper tree line in the Sudety Mountains
S. Baranowski and J. Liebersbach

499-531
Engineering properties of sea ice
J. Schwartz and W.F. Weeks

533-546
Studies of the movement of coastal sea ice near Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A
W.F. Weeks, A. Kovacs, S.J. Mock, W.B. Tucker, W.D. Hibler and
A.J. Gow

547-554
Horizontal movement of fast ice in the North Water area
Hajime Ito and Fritz Müller

555-570
The flexural motions of a floating ice sheet induced by moving vehicles
D. Eyre

571-588
Short-term forecasting of water run-off from snow and ice
S.C. Colbeck

589-594
Experience with glacier calving and air-bubbling in high Alpine water reservoirs
W. Haeberli

595-605
Movement of a large ice mass before breaking off
Almut Iken

607-617
The disposal of radioactive waste in ice sheets
K. Philberth

619-625
Frazil-ice nucleation by mass-exchange processes at the air-water interafce
T.E. Osterkamp

627-637
Sub-sea permafrost regime at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, U.S.A
T.E. Osterkamp and W.D. Harrison

639-642
Tourism, summer ski-ing, hydroelectricity and protection of the public in the French alpine glacial area: the development of an applied glaciology
Robert Vivian

643-651
General discussion. Symposium on Applied Glaciology, Cambridge, 13-17 September 1976
International Glaciological Society (IGS)

653-655
Closing remarks. Symposium on Applied Glaciology, Cambridge, 13-17 September 1976
Malcolm Mellor

657
Abstract
A mechanical test procedure for avalanche snow
S.L. McCabe and F.W. Smith

657-658
Abstract
Plane-strain compressive strength of columnar-grained and granular-snow ice
R. Frederking

658-659
Abstract
Bearing capacity of floating ice sheets
M.D. Coon

660
Abstract
Forecasting the structure and strength of ice on solid surfaces
K.F. Voytkovskiy and V.N. Golubev

660
Abstract
Model experiments to determine ice forces on conical structures
R.Y. Edwards and K.R. Croasdale

661
Abstract
Influence of friction on ice forces acting against sloped surfaces
J.V. Danys, F.G. Bercha and D. Carter

661-663
Abstract
Breakage of ice sheets by underwater explosions
E. Vittoratos and M.E. Charles

663-664
Abstract
An acoustic ranging system to measure motion of sea ice
R.H. Goodman and R.C. Clark

664-665
Abstract
Mathematical simulation of the process of motion of a snow avalanche
S.S. Grigoryan and A.V. Ostroumov

665-666
Abstract
A numerical ice-accretion model
S.F. Ackley

666-667
Abstract
A study of several pressure ridges and ice islands in the Canadian Beaufort Sea
J. Hnatiuk, A. Kovacs and M. Mellor

668
Abstract
Areal and temporal variation of percolation of water through a snow-pack
E.J. Langham

668-669
Abstract
The short-range forecasting of discharge from a glaciated region and its use for optimizing the Grande Dixence S.A. pumping plants
G. Dayer

669-671
Abstract
Ice avalanches
H. Röthlisberger

671-672
Abstract
Movement studies on a hanging glacier in relation with an ice avalanche
André Flotron

672
Abstract
Utilization of dynamic and physical properties of ice in underground mining operations
Henning Fangel

673-674
Abstract
Glaciological problems set by the control of dangerous lakes in Cordillera Blanca, Peru
Louis Lliboutry, Benjamín Morales Arnao, André Pautre and Bernard Schneider

674-675
Abstract
Experiments on the heaving force of freezing soil
Seiiti Kinosita

675
Abstract
Characteristics of electrical relaxation in frozen soils
A.D. Frolov and B.V. Gusev

677
Abstract
An automatic snow-depth meter using infrared beam reflection from a snow surface for the measurement of the snow depth on the road
Tadashi Kimura

677-678
Abstract
Calculation and prediction of the total glacial melting in watersheds of central Asia
V.G. Konovalov

678
Abstract
Simulation of ice flow using the finite-element method
T.Q. Nguyen and J.J. Emery

679
Abstract
Tensile strength of compressed snow formed on roads
T. Nakamura, H. Nakamura, M. Higashiura and O. Abe

679-680
Abstract
Using linear discriminant analysis to classify snowfall situations into avalanching and non- avalanching ones
N.F. Drozdovskaya

680
Abstract
Icing rate on stationary structures under marine conditions
K. Itagaki