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Journal of Glaciology, Volume 26 (1980)

Journal of Glaciology

Volume 26 (1980)

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[No. 94]

[Volume 25] [Journal Index] [Volume 27]

Old style Journal cover (No. 103)


Vol. 26 1980 No. 94

Contents

3
Preface
International Glaciological Society (IGS)

13-23
Avalanche activity in Iceland, climatic conditions, and terrain features
Helgi Björnsson

25-30
Research on snow cover in China and the avalanche phenomena of Batura Glacier in Pakistan
Shi Yafeng and Wang Wenying

31-41
Avalanche hazard in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland
R.G.W. Ward

43-52
Frequency of major avalanche winters
B.B. Fitzharris and P.A. Schaerer

53-63
A process-oriented model for simulating avalanche danger
Arthur Judson, Charles F. Leaf and Glen E. Brink

65-74
Simultaneous measurements of stability indices and characteristic parameters describing the snow cover and the weather in fracture zones of avalanches
H. Gubler

75-84
The fundamental processes in conventional avalanche forecasting
Edward R. LaChapelle

85-91
Snow-slab studies at Whistler Mountain, British Columbia, Canada
C. Stethem and R. Perla

93-103
Credibility of avalanche warnings
Knox Williams

105-107
Avalanche education for skiers
François Valla

109-119
Calculations of avalanche friction coefficients from field data
M. Martinelli, Jr., T.E. Lang and A.I. Mears

121-130
Observed maximum run-out distance of snow avalanches and the determination of the friction coefficients µ and ?
Othmar Buser and Hans Frutiger

131-140
Modeling of snow flow
J.D. Dent and T.E. Lang

141-151
A study on high-speed avalanches in the Kurobe Canyon, Japan
Hiromu Shimizu, Tosio Huzioka, Eizi Akitaya, Hideki Narita,
Masayuki Nakagawa and Kunio Kawada

153-163
A fragment-flow model of dry-snow avalanches
Arthur I. Mears

165-177
Empirical calculations of snow-avalanche run-out distance based on topographic parameters
K. Lied and S. Bakkehøi

179-187
Seismic and impact-pressure monitoring of flowing avalanches
P.A. Schaerer and A.A. Salway

189-196
Scale modeling of snow-avalanche impact on structures
T.E. Lang and J.D. Dent

197-207
A two-parameter model of snow-avalanche motion
R. Perla, T.T. Cheng and D.M. McClung

209-216
The acoustic emission response of snow
William F. St. Lawrence

217-223
Statistical models of snow strength
Richard A. Sommerfeld

225-233
Snow stratigraphy and water equivalence measured with an active microwave system
D.A. Ellerbruch and H.S. Boyne

235-243
Propagation of stress waves in Alpine snow
R.L. Brown

245-254
A model for snow-slab failure under conditions of dynamic loading
Jerome B. Johnson

255-262
Tensile strain and fracture of snow
Zempachi Watanabe

263-274
Viscosity and heat transfer in fluidized snow
N. Maeno, K. Nishimura and Y. Kaneda

275-282
Mechanical behaviour and structure of snow under uniaxial tensile stress
Hideki Narita

283-289
An analysis of compressive strain in adjacent temperature-gradient and equi-temperature layers in a natural snow cover
Richard L. Armstrong

291-301
Thermodynamics of snow metamorphism due to variations in curvature
S.C. Colbeck

303-312
An experimental study of temperature-gradient metamorphism
D. Marbouty

313-324
History and actual state of legalization of avalanche zoning in Switzerland
Hans Frutiger

325-330
Avalanche zoning in France — regulation and technical bases
L. de Crécy

331-343
Natural-hazard maps for land-use planning in Norway
E. Hestnes and K. Lied

345-354
Snow-avalanche hazard zoning in British Columbia, Canada
G.L. Freer and P.A. Schaerer

355-362
Municipal avalanche zoning: contrasting policies of four western United States communities
Arthur I. Mears

363-375
Avalanche-hazard mapping and zoning problems in the Rocky Mountains, with examples from Colorado, U.S.A
Jack D. Ives and Misha Plam

377-392
Avalanche zoning in Alaska, U.S.A.
Steve W. Hackett and Henry S. Santeford

393-403
Drifting-snow similitude-transport-rate and roughness modeling
J.D. Iversen

405-419
Geometry and density of drifts formed by snow fences
Ronald D. Tabler

421-434
Self-similarity of wind profiles in blowing snow allows outdoor modeling
Ronald D. Tabler

435-445
Research on prevention of snow-drifts by blower fences
Wang Zhonglong and Chen Yuan

447-452
A slip-velocity hypothesis applied to hydraulically smooth wind flow over a snow cover
James D. Bergen

453-467
Threshold wind-speeds and elastic impact in snow transport
R.A. Schmidt

469-480
Snow transport over mountain crests
Paul M.B. Föhn

481-492
Vertical profile and horizontal increase of drift-snow transport
Masao Takeuchi

493-496
Observations of ground avalanches with a video tape recorder (VTR)
Eizi Akitaya

497-500
Informal cooperative State-Federal avalanche-warning system and public education program for south-central Alaska, U.S.A
Steve W. Hackett and Douglas Fesler

501-505
The energy-line method in the mechanics of avalanches
H.J. Körner

506-511
Snow-pack structure: stability analyzed by pattern-recognition techniques
Edward R. LaChapelle and Sue A. Ferguson

512-514
The avalanche of December 1966 in western T'ien-Shan, China
Qiu Jiaqi and Hu Ruji

515
Abstract
Preliminary research on physical and mechanical properties and avalanche of seasonal snow cover at the avalanche station in T'ien-Shan, China
Zhang Xiangsong and Wang Yanlong

515-516
Abstract
Recent progress and new applications of the dynamics of avalanches
Gérard Brugnot

516
Abstract
Finite-element analysis of snow on slopes
J.P. Navarre and J. Desrues

516
Abstract
Radar for avalanches — measurement and warning
W. Fritzsche

517
Abstract
Fracture mechanical models of dry slab avalanche release
David M. McClung

517
Abstract
Spatial patterns of snow accumulation in the Alpine terrain
Donald Alford

518
Abstract
Topographical effects of snow deposition on restructured land
E. Chaco and M. Molnau

518-519
Abstract
Swiss avalanche hazard maps
Hans Frutiger

519
Abstract
Constant strain-rate tensile testing of natural snow
H. Singh and F.W. Smith

520
Abstract
A preliminary system to predict snow instability using acoustic emissions
R.A. Sommerfeld

520-521
Abstract
Prevention of avalanches in the Gunes Valley in Tien-Shan, China
Wang Yanlong, Xie Zichu and Zhang Zhizhong

521
Abstract
Gear-type glide-meter as an instrument for forecasting full- depth avalanches
Yutaka Yamada